Useless structures, which spent a lot of money. Photo
The cost was not justified.
Do you think it is only us grandiose and enthusiasm, and then not know what to adapt? Where there!
There is also North Korea, Canada, côte d’ivoire, Spain, Greece, Romania, with their examples of mnogomillionnoi, buried in the ground and filled with concrete.
Here are just a few expensive and rather unique construction projects whose content comes owners a pretty penny, but they do not need any of the creators or visitors.
Plans for a new airport for the second largest canadian cities of Montreal was first published in 1967. And they struck the imagination: the largest square in the world (40 000 ha), passenger traffic to 50 million people a year (this is the approximate total passenger traffic of Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo, are put together in 2016), his own line of high-speed Railways, monorail, highway, hotel complex, six terminals, six runways, including the strip for the reception of supersonic aircraft, and so on.
The first phase of the airport was commissioned in 1975, but the plans of its creators was not to be. Erroneous planning of traffic flows, reducing the attractiveness of Montreal as the economic center, the change in the policy of the government of Quebec and other factors have led to the fact that using Mirabel for all time of its existence in the year passed and 3 million passengers.
In 2004, due to unprofitability airport stopped serving regular commercial flights, air cargo into the Harbor. The extensive WFP began the race in the terminal building — to make a movie. And in 2014 the terminal building decided to demolish, because it is too costly to operate and no one strongly didn’t need it. The construction of the Mirabel airport admitted mistake, and the honorary title of “white elephant” was given to him back in the first decade of existence. With the airports it is generally uncommon. So, the new Berlin main air Harbor airport Berlin Brandenburg name Willy Brandt is planned to open in 2011, but he doesn’t accept the no planes, no passengers due to errors in the project.
Basilique Notre Dame de La Paix
Yamoussoukro, Cote d’ivoire
In 1983 the permanent President of côte d’ivoire félix houphouët-Boigny, who at that time ruled this small African nation for nearly a quarter of a century, decided to move the capital of the largest of the developed seaside town of Abidjan into the country, namely in the village of Yamoussoukro where the politician was born and raised.
Two years later, Houphouet-Boigny, who laid the first stone in the Foundation of the largest Church in the world — Notre Dame de La Paix, or of the blessed virgin Mary in the World. The construction lasted four years and cost the country’s budget, according to various estimates, from $ 175 to $ 600 million. This is not surprising: marble hundreds of tons were brought from Italy, stained glass from France, the property is with an area of 30 thousand square meters and a height of 158 metres (above the Cathedral. Peter, although holds the Notre-Dame de La Paix, about 18 thousand people, which is three times less than the same Cathedral. Petra). On is paved with granite and marble square in front of the Basilica can fit another 200 thousand people, roughly the entire population of Yamoussoukro, from which Catholics on the strength of 19%.
By the way, about the population: about 42% of the population of côte d’ivoire lives in poverty, i.e. on less than $ 1.25 a day. Service in the Basilica gather today at best hundreds of people.
Pyongyang, North Korea
In 1987, the government of North Korea under the leadership of President Kim Il sung announced the beginning of construction of the tallest building in the country — 105-storey, 330-metre hotel rügen 3,000 (according to other sources — 7700) rooms and revolving restaurants on top.
The construction of the hotel planned to complete for the world festival of youth and students in 1989, but due to problems with the materials of the main construction finished only in the year 1992, after which the work stopped for almost a decade and a half due to the economic crisis, and the skeleton “rügen” has become a symbol of Pyongyang.
Construction resumed in 2008, and over the next three years the concrete structure has had time to coat glass, new opening date was set in 2013, and in the network appeared the first photographs of the interiors of the future hotel. The discovery, however, was not held to this day, and experts around the world doubt that North Korea even able to complete the construction and that the building is fit for use. It is noteworthy that the tallest London skyscraper “Splinter” (The Shard), with a similar form also is thin as buyers are rushing to purchase apartments worth 30-50 million pounds.
Commercial complex “New commercial centre of southern China”
In 2005 in the poor suburbs 6-Millionare Dongguan opened a five-storey shopping complex “New commercial centre of southern China” (New South China Mall) — the largest in the world. The cost of construction exceeded $ 1.3 billion. The ambitions are Grand even by Chinese standards: 2350 outlets with a total area of 660 thousand square meters (plus another 232 thousand sq. m other areas), 25-foot model of Paris ‘ arc de Triomphe, canals with gondolas, roller coasters and other entertainment — and no visitors.
In the first years after the opening of the tenants have occupied only 1% of the area of the center. Ten years later this had increased ten times, but today the complex is mostly empty. The reason is that the local population earns enough to make the site attractive to sellers, and developers hope that the residents of Dongguan rich, did not materialize.
The Galician city of culture
Santiago de Compostela, Spain
In early 1999 the Parliament of Galicia, announced that in the competition of the City of culture of Galicia (Cidade da Cultura de Galicia) won work of the architect Peter EISENMANN: the buildings on the hill of Monte-GIAS, as if squeezed from the land and resembles both the stones and the shells of mollusks, was to shelter concert halls, galleries, museums, library and archive.
The construction lasted for more than a decade, has cost at least twice what was planned (in the project Eisenman pointed to the figure of 400 million euros) and in the end stopped by the decision of the government of the region. Two of the six buildings remained unfinished, and most importantly — the extensive complex has not attracted the expected number of tourists and locals, while its content is very expensive for the local budget.
Tunnel “Clem Jones”
At the beginning of this century the government of Australia Brisbane decided to build a series of tunnels to ease traffic in the city and reduce travel time from one end to the other. One of these tunnels became the 4.8-kilometer “Clem Jones”, passing under the bottom of the Brisbane river.
In 2005, when construction began, the tunnel was supposed to be the longest in Australia. Its construction at a cost of 3.2 billion Australian dollars (about 2.5 billion U.S. dollars) and it was no easy task: the builders had to break through a very solid rock — Brisbane tuff, which was the largest at the time in the world of tunneling machines cost 50 million Australian dollars each.
In the end, the tunnel and the access roads were opened on 28 February 2010 when a large crowd of people. But it soon became clear that citizens use the tunnel much less than planned, the city Council: officials hoped that through the tunnel daily will pass 60 thousand cars, and in fact use it every day about 20 thousand drivers, besides it only saves eight minutes in transit and relieving congestion on other thoroughfares only 5-10%. The tunnel toll, but even discounts and radical reduction of prices (to the detriment of the recoupment) does not help to increase the attractiveness of the facilities the residents of the city. Losses, the company statement in 2010 amounted to 1.6 billion Australian dollars.
The Olympic Games-2004
Athens and surroundings Greece
Greek capital fought for the right to host the summer Olympics since the early 1990s, and after losing Game anniversary 1996 us Atlanta, finally received the right to host the Olympics in 2004. Preparations for the Games — the construction of sports and transport facilities, the Olympic village cost the government 9 billion euros. Although officials acknowledged the Game profitable, spending only exacerbated the outbreak three years later, after a severe debt crisis.
The cost of maintaining the sports facilities in good condition was estimated at 500 million euros annually, and these objects were not wanted. Thus, the centre for competition rowing turned into a stinking swamp and a place of comfortable living the hordes of mosquitoes, stadium for shooting overgrown, and the Olympic village is gradually destroyed. It is interesting that much the same is happening with the Olympic facilities in Rio de Janeiro and Beijing, and also with sports facilities built for the world Cup 2010 in South Africa.
The Palace Of The Parliament
This is the heaviest and largest administrative building in the world ordered the construction of Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu in 1984. For the construction of the Palace of the Parliament, the builders demolished a fifth of Old Bucharest, skipped the top of the hill of Spiri used 1 million tons of marble, 3.5 thousand tons of crystal, 700 thousand tons of steel and bronze, 900 thousand cubic meters of wood and 200 thousand square meters of carpets. By the time of the execution of Ceausescu in 1989, the 12-storey building height of 86 meters (not counting the basement to a depth of 92 metres) was largely completed, although with the fall of communism in Romania, the work stopped. Some parts of the building not completed until now.
Now inside the Palace with a total area of 365 thousand square meters (about one and a half Red square in Moscow) hosted the two chambers of the Romanian Parliament, three museums and a conference center. Together they occupy about 30% of the Palace. The cost of construction is estimated at 3 billion euros, while its lighting and heating cost approximately 6 million euros annually, or roughly spends a year on the same needs of the Romanian city of medium size.
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